*I'm going to teach you a topic, then I'm going to give you an SAT question, and it will not be like the problems you just did.*

Some of the tools that I teach my students are

- Answer the question that is asked, not another one.
- Be familiar with the vocabulary.
- When a multiple-choice asks you to supply the value of a variable, try each value in turn.
- Give names to unknown quantities.

**SAT Problem**

*Two investors receive a total profit of $14,000. They split the money in a ratio of 4 : 1. How much is the smaller share worth?*

a. $11,200

b. $ 6,000

c. $ 5,600

d. $ 2,800

e. $ 2,000

We always start by asking the three Who, What, What questions and proceeding from there.

**Who are the main characters?**Two people's money, x and y (Tool 4)**What do we know about them?**x and y are in a ratio (Tool 2) of 4 : 1 and they total $14,000**What does the problem ask?**What is the smaller amount?

a. y = 11,200

x / 11,200 = 4 / 1; x = 44,800. x and y add up to 56,000: too large.

Continuing with the other four choices, we see the correct answer is d. $2,800.

There are no words that are a substitute for a student thinking through this process.